52开奖直播:新SAT與ACT在語法上有哪些相同點

來源:SOHU  [  作者:北美家長幫   ]  責編:從大磊  |  侵權/違法舉報

049期双色球开奖直播 www.lvelns.com.cn

原標題:新SAT與ACT在語法上有哪些相同點

SAT考試是美國大學考試,很多美國大學留學的學生都會選擇SAT考試,今天小編為大家帶來關于ACT和新SAT考試的一些相似的地方,希望能夠讓大家更全面的了解SAT考試。

相同點一:詞匯

與托福閱讀詞匯題類似,改革后SAT文章改錯與ACT文章改錯部分都會考察單詞用詞是否恰當。在改革后SAT考試中,現行SAT中的填空題被取消,相對弱化了單純詞匯的考察,但是這并不意味著詞匯在改革后SAT中完全不會出現。SAT官方正式改革文件關于文章改錯部分的考試范圍的Effective Language use中提到了 The student will revise text as needed to improve the exactness or content appropriateness of word choice,學生需要根據需求修改文章用詞,改進單詞的準確性和合適性。而在ACT文章改錯題中,這種題型也占有一定比重。試比較以下兩道題:

改革后SAT Sample Writing and Language Set 1

[7] Kingman, however, (4)vacated from that tradition in a number of ways, most notably in that he chose to focus not on natural landscapes, such as mountains and rivers, but on cities.

4. A) NO CHANGE

B) evacuated

C) departed

D) retired

ACT Prep Guide

Perhaps the celebration of New Year’s Day in Korean culture is (19) heightened because it is thought of as everyone’s birthday party.

19. A. NO CHANGE

B. raised

C. lifted

D. lighted

比較這兩道題目,我們可以發現,改革后SAT與ACT在詞匯這一部分考察是一樣的。但是,值得關注的是,在ACT中有一種類型的詞匯題,并不是單純考察單詞含義,而是需要結合整篇文章去推測應該用哪個單詞,這個在改革后SAT的樣題中并沒有相應題目,但是這種考試形式在新SAT中也有可能會出現。我們來看一道例題:

Many people might be surprised to learn that the American way of computing a person’s age differs from the traditional Korean way. In Korean tradition, a person is considered to be already one year old at the time of his or her birth.

As a child growing up in two cultures, I found this (16) contest a bit confusing.

16. F. NO CHANGE

G. change

H. dispute

J. difference

這道題需要我們將文章第一段整體總結概括,選出相應的單詞,而并不是通過單詞所在句去判斷。這種類型的詞匯題在目前的改革后SAT官方樣題中并沒有出現,但是在正式的改革后SAT中也是會有一定概率出現,因為這種題型與改革后SAT強調考生需要根據文章去推斷作者用詞這一點并不矛盾。

相同點二:標點符號Conventions of Punctuation

標點符號在現行SAT語法考試中占比相對較少,一般是會結合Run-on Sentence/Comma splice考察。但是在SAT改革文件中,官方明確強調要考標點符號,這一點與ACT文章改錯要求沒有太大差別。我們可以拿兩道例題來比較一下:

新SAT官方樣題Sample Writing and Language Set I

[5] The name Kingman was selected for its two (2) parts,“king” and “man”; Cantonese for “scenery” and “composition. ”

2. A) NO CHANGE

B) parts: “king” and “man”

C) parts “king” and “man”;

D) parts; “king” and “man”

ACT Prep Guide

Around this time the polka music and button accordion played by German immigrant rail-Road (14)workers; left their mark on waila.

14. F. NO CHANGE

G. workers

H. workers;

J. workers,

由此對比可以看出,標點符號部分的考察兩種考試是非常類似的。

相同點三:文章結構/邏輯關系

文章結構在改革后SAT中占有一定比重,而這一考點與ACT也是一致的。值得關注的是,在現行SAT考試中的Improving Paragraph 文章改進題中也有相應的考點,通常要求考生在某一個句子的開頭插入一個單詞或者詞組,而考生需要關注上下兩段或者兩句的邏輯關系。我們拿三道題來比較一下。

新SAT官方樣題Sample Writing and Language Set II

(4)Next, representatives from the local public health department might provide input in designing a network of trails and sidewalks to encourage people to walk more.

4. A) NO CHANGE

B) For instance,

C) Furthermore,

D) Similarly,

ACT Prep Guide

Today, after many birthdays and New Year’s Days, I now find meaningful the difference I once found confusing. (21)Otherwise, this difference points to significant underlying cultural values.

21. A. NO CHANGE

B. Though,

C. In fact,

D. Then,

現行SAT 08年1月真題Improving Paragraph部分

(5) And yet, even if one does not always accomplish what he or she sets out to do, one gains new knowledge from the attempt.

32. In context, which of the following is the best replacement for “And yet” in sentence 5?

(A) Nevertheless

(B) In other words

(C) However

(D) In contrast

(E) Supposedly

比較一下這三道題會發現,考察的是考生相同的能力,對于文章結構的把控。在適當位置填入相應邏輯關系詞,保證文章上下句結構順暢完整。

相同點四:標準英語書面語/基本語法點 Standard English Conventions

無論ACT,現行SAT,還是改革后SAT,基本語法考察點是一致的。諸如:主謂一致、時態、代詞、平行結構、比較級、固定搭配等。如下面改革后SAT官方樣題:

When any one of these changes(1) occur, it is likely the result of careful analysis are conducted by transportation planners.

A) NO CHANGE

B) occur, they

C) occurs, they are

D) occurs, it is

這道題選擇的C,考察的就是主謂一致和代詞的指代。而這個知識點在新老SAT中都是會重點考察的。但是值得關注的是,改革后SAT相對弱化了單純語法部分的考察。在官方出具的改革文件中,語法部分,也就是Standard English Conventions這一部分在改革后占有比重為45%,即44道題中有20道會考察基礎語法知識點。而在現行SAT考試中,幾乎90%的題目都是考察的語法知識點。所以比重這一點在新老SAT中還是有較大差別的。

而在ACT文章改錯題目中,語法知識點被叫做Usage、Mechanics,包括:標點符號考察,語法用法考察,句子結構考察,在75道文章改錯題目中占有40道,占比53%,與改革后SAT語法知識點的考察占比45%差不多。所以基礎部分的練習可以完全參考ACT文章改錯和現行SAT語法題目。試比較一道ACT文章改錯題目:

As the dancers step to the music, they (8)were also stepping in time to a sound that embodies (9)their unique history and suggests the influence of outside cultures on their music.

8. F. NO CHANGE

G. are also stepping

H. have also stepped

J. will also step

9. A. NO CHANG

B. they’re

C. it’s

D. its’

這兩道ACT的題目考察的都是非?;〉氖碧約按實目嫉?。由此可見,在這個層面,現行以及改革后SAT語法部分,以及ACT文章改錯部分沒有太大差別,可以互相參考。

相同點五:句子邏輯順序題Logical sequence

新SAT要求考生能夠判斷某個句子應該放置在文章中的哪個合適的位置。這種考點在現行SAT語法的Improving Paragraph 修改文章題目中也有所考察。試比較三種題型:

改革后SAT Sample Writing and Language Set 1

[1] Kingman was keenly interested in landscape painting from an

early age. [2] In Hong Kong, where Kingman completed his schooling, teachers at that time customarily assigned students a formal “school name.” [3] His interest was so keen, in fact, that he was named after it. [4] The young boy who had been called Dong Moy Shu became Dong Kingman.

5. For the sake of the cohesion of this paragraph, sentence 3

should be placed

A) where it is now.

B) before sentence 1.

C) after sentence 1.

D) after sentence 4.

ACT Prep Guide

文章略

15. Upon reviewing this essay and finding that some information

has been left out, the writer composes the following sentence incorporating that information:

Those same German influences helped spawn a similar musical form in northern Mexico known as norteno.

This sentence would most logically be placed after the last sentence in Paragraph.

A. 1.

B. 2.

C. 3.

D. 4.

2010年1月SAT語法題目Improving Paragraph

文章略

35. In context, where should the following sentence be placed?

It presents problems of its own, however.

(A) Before sentence 2

(B) Before sentence 4

(C) Before sentence 8

(D) Before sentence 9

(E) Before sentence 12

049期双色球开奖直播 www.lvelns.com.cn true //www.lvelns.com.cn/seduzx/380470/315965608.html report 7188 為您提供全方面的新SAT與ACT在語法上有哪些相同點相關信息,根據用戶需求提供新SAT與ACT在語法上有哪些相同點最新最全信息,解決用戶的新SAT與ACT在語法上有哪些相同點需求,原標題:新SAT與ACT在語法上有哪些相同點SAT考試是美國大學考試,很多美國大學留學的學生都會選擇SAT考試,今天小編為大家帶來關于ACT和新SAT考試的一些相似的地方,希望能夠讓大家更全面的了解SAT考試。相同點一:詞匯與托福閱讀詞匯題...
  • 猜你喜歡
    • 24小時熱文
    • 本周熱評
      圖文推薦
      • 最新添加
      • 最熱文章
        精彩推薦
        讀過此文的還讀過